Length: 13 cm. The male and female have like plumage.
Voice: ‘Pru’ or ‘whit whit whit’.
Song: Chattering, beginning with a repeated ‘piu’, followed by a lengthy ‘stip stip stip’ and ending with ‘shreeee’.
Size of Egg: 14.0 – 18.3 x 11.4 – 13.5 mm
The wood warbler is found throughout Europe as far as western Siberia, with the exception Of Spain, Portugal, Ireland and Scandinavia. By the end of April or the beginning of May, this small bird returns from its winter haunts in tropical Africa to its nesting grounds in thin deciduous or mixed woods in lowland as well as hilly country. It may also be found in coniferous forests, but only in such places where there is the occasional broad-leaved tree and thick undergrowth.
The round covered nest with a fairly large side entrance is built by the female on the ground in a tussock. It is a fairly large structure considering the bird’s small dimensions, and the side entrance is far larger than those in the nests of other warblers. By the end of May or beginning of June, the nest already contains the full clutch of 5 to 7 eggs, which are incubated by the hen alone.
The young hatch after 12 days and are fed by both parents, the mainstay of the diet being insects and their larvae. These are gathered mostly from deciduous trees and the undergrowth. The young become fledged at the age of 12 days. The wood warbler can be easily identified by its typical chattering song.
It also differs from other warblers in having a bright yellow throat and breast and a broad stripe above the eye; these features, however, can be recognized in the wild only with the aid of powerful field glasses. Between the end of August and the middle of September, the wood warbler leaves its breeding grounds and sets out on its journey to Africa, where it spends the winter months.
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