Length: 15 cm.
The male and female have like plumage.
Voice: Characteristic ‘toolee’ or ‘toolooeet’.
Song: Sounds resembling ‘lu-lu-lu-lu’.
Size of Egg: 18.0- 24.0 x 14.5 – 17.4 mm.
The Woodlark, distributed throughout the whole of Europe, except its most northern parts and Ireland frequents dry, sandy and stony localities with pine trees, shrub-dotted meadows and heaths. It is a migrant, but birds inhabiting western and southern Europe are resident, these areas being also the places where northern populations spend their winter months. The woodlark returns to its breeding grounds in March, but in central Europe, this may be as early as the end of February.
The birds pair immediately on arrival if they have not already done so during the return trip from their winter quarters. Shortly after arrival, they start building their nest on the ground amidst heather, beneath a young pine tree or in thickets. It is made of roots, plant stalks and moss and lined with hairs and plant fibres. The clutch, numbering 4 to 5 eggs, is incubated by the hen alone for 13 to 15 days. The young are fed by both parents with insects, their larvae and spiders, usually for 13 to 15 days in the nest and a short time after fledging. The woodlark then generally builds a new nest in another spot and lays a second clutch from June or July to August.
On leaving the nest the birds form flocks that roam the woods in search of seeds, though they may also be found on fields during the migrating season. The woodlark sings mostly at night or as twilight falls, but its voice may also be heard during the day, from early April until August. Often sought after by bird-catchers in former days, it is now protected by law.