Length: 47 cm.
Wingspan: 95 to 100 cm.
The male and female have like plumage.
Voice: A deep ‘kraa’ or croaking ‘keerk’.
Song: Composed of like notes and heard in the spring months.
Size of Egg: 33.5—52.7 x 26.0—29.7 mm.
The crow is widespread throughout the whole of Europe. There are two subspecies: the carrion crow (Corvus corone corone) , inhabiting western and southwestern Europe and part of central Europe, and the hooded crow (Corvus corone cornix), inhabiting the remaining territory and found also in Scotland and Ireland. Where their distribution
overlaps the two races often interbreed. The crow is a resident bird or a transient migrant, large flocks flying to central and western Europe from north and east in the winter.
During the breeding season, it frequents open woodlands, field groves and thickly overgrown parks in cities. It builds its nest in March, usually in trees at a height of five metres or more. The structure is made of dry twigs, mud and turf, and lined with moss, grass, hairs, sheep’s wool and bits of rags. A new nest takes some 8 to 10 days to build, but crows often use old nests which they renovate as necessary. The female incubates the 4 to 6 eggs herself for 18 to 21 days. During this time the male brings her food, as well as food for the newly hatched nestlings for the first 5 to 7 days.
After that, both partners share the duties of attending the nestlings. At the age of 28 to 35 days, the young leave the nest and roam the countryside with the parent birds. Flocks of crows visit the edges of ponds, lakes and river margins where they find plentiful food remnants. Crows are omnivorous birds. They collect seeds, berries, beechnuts, insects and their larvae, molluscs and carrion, besides which they also hunt fieldmice and other small vertebrates.
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