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Every nature lover welcomes a new information that will acquaint him with birds he does not yet know and also provides a better knowledge of the more common species. If it helps him also to recognize their song and typical calls, their appearance in flight, the type of nest they build, the colouration of their eggs, as well as other interesting facts of their way of life, it becomes a valuable addition to his research. This portion of our website describes birds of woodlands and mountain regions.

Naturally, you may come across some of them in other, often quite different, environments. The cuckoo, for example, which is listed here
as a woodland bird is frequently found also in large reed beds bordering lakes or rivers.

Other birds such as the thrush and blackbird, living in built-up areas and not included in this portion, are likewise common inhabitants of the woods, as are also some typical water birds such as the common heron, which often nests in woodlands if water is nearby.

This portion is divided into three parts: a general introduction; texts to the individual Pictures; and colour plates. In the first section, the visitors will learn about nesting, migration, hunting birds, falconry, the introduction of species from their native areas to new localities, the protection of woodland birds, etc.

The text accompanying each colour plate gives the common and Latin names of the bird and acquaints the the visitor with its distribution, habitat, nest structure. It provides also a brief description of the bird, quoting its average length in centimetres, in some instances the wing span, call note, size of the egg and, if typical and helpful for identification, shows the flight silhouette.

The pictorial section is in two parts, depicting woodland birds and those of mountain areas. The latter group includes also birds found in mountain forests. In central Europe some species, for example the dotterel and redwing, occur only in the mountains, whereas in more northerly regions they are found in the tundra.

The colour plates show the male (3) of each species, but sometimes also the female (Q), together with the characteristic egg and, sometimes, a line drawing of the nest.

Golden Oriole – (Oriolus oriolus)

Brid Facts: Length: 24 cm. Female coloured yellow-green. Song: Flute-like whistling notes that sound like 'weela-weeo' or 'chuck-chuck-weeo'. The male and female also make harsh jay-like croaking calls. Size of Egg: 27.8—36.0 x 19.9—23.5 mm. In...
Tree Pipit bird Information

Tree Pipit – (Anthus trivialis)

Brid Facts: Length: 15 cm. voice: When courting a long drawn-out 'teeze', the alarm note 'sip sip sip'. Song: Sounds resembling 'chew chew chew chew', followed by long drawn-out 'seea-seea-seea'. Size of Egg: 18.0—-23.5 x 14.7—17.2...
WoodLark Bird Information and Facts

Woodlark – (Lullula arborea)

Brid Facts: Length: 15 cm. The male and female have like plumage. Voice: Characteristic 'toolee' or 'toolooeet'. Song: Sounds resembling 'lu-lu-lu-lu'. Size of Egg: 18.0- 24.0 x 14.5 - 17.4 mm. The Woodlark, distributed throughout the whole of...
Common Crossbill bird information and facts

Common Crossbill – (Loxia curvirostra)

Brid Facts: Length: 16.5 cm. The female's plumage is greenish. Voice: Sounds resembling 'chip chip chip'. Song: Chattering, flute-like. Size of Egg: 19.4—25.5 x 141—17.5 mm. The crossbill, so named because of its distinctive bill, the tips...
Bullfinch bird information and facts

Bullfinch – (Pyrrhula pyrrhula)

Bird Facts:  Length: 14.5—17 cm. The subspecies of northern Europe is larger. The female has pinkish-grey underparts. Voice: A soft, piping sound resembling 'wheeb'. Song: Composed of piping tones, including 'teek-teek-tioo'. Size of Egg: 17.0—22.2 x...
Eurasian siskin bird information and facts

Eurasian siskin – (Carduelis spinus)

Bird Facts: I.ength: 12 cm. The female is greyish with grey head. Voice: Sound resembling 'tsy-zi', in flight often 'tsooeet'. Song: Pleasant soft chirps and twitters. Size of Egg: 14.7—18.5 x 11.1—13.6 mm. The Eurasian siskin, one...
Hawfinch bird information and facts

Hawfinch – (Coccothraustes coccothraustes)

Bird Facts: Length: 16.5 cm. The female is not as richly coloured as the male. Voice: A sharp 'ptik' or also two-syllable 'ptik-it' or 'tzecip'. Song: Soft and unobtrusive. Size of Egg: 19.8—27.6 x 13.1—19.5 mm. The...
Tree Creeper bird information and facts

Tree Creeper – (Certhia Familiaris)

Bird Facts: Length: 12.5 cm. The male and female have like plumage. Voice: Sounds resembling 'tsee' or 'tsit' but uttered only rarely. Song: Resembling the trill of the blue tit and also similar to the...
Nuthatch bird information and facts

Nuthatch – (Citta Europaea)

Bird Facts: Length: 14 cm The male and female have like plumage. The young are greyer. Voice: In early spring a loud whistling that sounds like 'chwit-chwit- chwit', courting note 'tsit-tsit', or a long trilling...
Willow Tit Bird information and facts

Willow Tit ( Parus montanus)

Bird Facts: Length: 11.5 cm The male and female have like plumage. Voice: Courting and alarm note a repeated 'eez-eez-eez' with a short zi-zi-zi' in between. The male also makes a loud 'day' sound. Size of...

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