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Birds

Every nature lover welcomes a new information that will acquaint him with birds he does not yet know and also provides a better knowledge of the more common species. If it helps him also to recognize their song and typical calls, their appearance in flight, the type of nest they build, the colouration of their eggs, as well as other interesting facts of their way of life, it becomes a valuable addition to his research. This portion of our website describes birds of woodlands and mountain regions.

Naturally, you may come across some of them in other, often quite different, environments. The cuckoo, for example, which is listed here
as a woodland bird is frequently found also in large reed beds bordering lakes or rivers.

Other birds such as the thrush and blackbird, living in built-up areas and not included in this portion, are likewise common inhabitants of the woods, as are also some typical water birds such as the common heron, which often nests in woodlands if water is nearby.

This portion is divided into three parts: a general introduction; texts to the individual Pictures; and colour plates. In the first section, the visitors will learn about nesting, migration, hunting birds, falconry, the introduction of species from their native areas to new localities, the protection of woodland birds, etc.

The text accompanying each colour plate gives the common and Latin names of the bird and acquaints the the visitor with its distribution, habitat, nest structure. It provides also a brief description of the bird, quoting its average length in centimetres, in some instances the wing span, call note, size of the egg and, if typical and helpful for identification, shows the flight silhouette.

The pictorial section is in two parts, depicting woodland birds and those of mountain areas. The latter group includes also birds found in mountain forests. In central Europe some species, for example the dotterel and redwing, occur only in the mountains, whereas in more northerly regions they are found in the tundra.

The colour plates show the male (3) of each species, but sometimes also the female (Q), together with the characteristic egg and, sometimes, a line drawing of the nest.

Wren bird information and facts

Wren – (Troglodytes troglodytes)

Bird Facts: Length: 9.5 cm. The male and female have like plumage. Voice: A loud 'tit-tit-tit', and 'twittering tseer' Song: Loud and heard often, even in winter. Size of Egg: 14.7—18.9 x 11.5—13.5 mm.The wren, one...
Robin Bird Information and Facts

Robin – (Erithacus rubecula)

Bird Facts:Length: 14 cm. The female resembles the male but is not as brightly coloured. Voice: A ringing 'tic' or 'tsip'. Song: Loud and melodious. The male sings perched in a tree. Size of Egg:  16.9—22.2...
Redwing birds Information

Redwing – (Turdus Iliacus)

Bird Facts:Length: 21 cm. The male and female have like plumage. Voice: 'Tchack tchack', when alarmed also 'terr terr', at night and in flight a clear 'see-ip'. Song: 4 flute-like tones interspersed with chattering...
Fieldfare birds information

Fieldfare – (Turdus Pilaris)

Bird Facts:Length: 25.5 cm. The male and female have like Conspicuous in flight is the white belly and underside of the Voice: A loud 'tchak-tchak-tchak', also 'see see'. Song: Semi-loud and pleasant. Size of Egg:...
Mistle Thrush bird information

Mistle Thrush – (Turdus Viscivorus)

Bird Facts:Length: 26.5 cm The male and female have like plumage. Voice: A hard 'tuc-tuc-tuc' and a thin 'see-ip'. Song: Resembling that of the blackbird but louder and with pauses between individual phrases. Size of...

Wood warbler – (Phylloscopus sibilatrix)

Bird Facts:Length: 13 cm. The male and female have like plumage. Voice: 'Pru' or 'whit whit whit'. Song: Chattering, beginning with a repeated 'piu', followed by a lengthy 'stip stip stip' and ending...
Willow warbler bird information and facts

Willow Warbler – (Phylloscopus prochilus)

Bird Facts:Length: 11 cm. The male and female have like plumage. Voice: A bright 'hooeet'. Song: Resembling that of the chaffinch but a softer and more rippling 'sooeet-sooeetoo'. Size of Egg: 13.2—18.8 x 10.9—13.8 mm.The loud...
Pied Flycatcher birds information and facts

Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca)

Bird Facts:Length: 13 cm The male's non-breeding plumage the female's, but he has a white forehead. Voice: A short 'whit'. Song: Clear 'zee-it zee-it zee-it' sounds, Size of Egg: 15.5 - 19.5 x 12.0 -...
Parasites among birds

Social parasites among birds

Our unusual facet of social behaviour which is found only amongst birds is their habit of depositing their eggs in the nests of other species. After hatching the nestlings are raised...
Birds Family

The Bird Family

Arrival at the nesting grounds is usually the signal for the beginning of the courtship display though, in some species, this may have started already in the birds' winter quarters or...

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