Length: 13 cm
The male’s non-breeding plumage the female’s, but he has a white forehead.
Voice: A short ‘whit’.
Song: Clear ‘zee-it zee-it zee-it’ sounds,
Size of Egg: 15.5 – 19.5 x 12.0 – 14.4 mm
The black and white male pied flycatcher is quite common in thin woods from as early as the beginning of April. He flies impatiently from one tree to another, seeking a nesting cavity suitable for raising a family. His choice is generally an abandoned woodpecker’s nest, though a man-made nest box is also welcomed. The soberly coloured female then lines the nest selected by the male in a hollow shape with quantities of silky moss brought in her slender beak and further lines it with soft animal hairs.
From the middle of May until June she then lays from 5 to 8 eggs, which she herself incubates for 13 to 15 days. The male helps feed the young with small insects, which the parent birds capture on the wing, as well as small caterpillars and spiders. The nestlings leave the nest at the age of 14 to 16 days, but continue to be fed by the parents for a further two weeks or so. After the young have fledged the whole family roams the countryside around the nest and, in late August or early September, sets out on the long journey to tropical Africa.
The pied flycatcher inhabits most of Europe, except Italy and Ireland, and also northwest and southwest Germany and western France, where it is seen only during the migrating season. Otherwise, it is found only in certain regions, and in some areas only nests sporadically. Its distribution is irregular, being abundant in some places while in others it is rare.